Mixed Conditionals/Смешанный тип условных предложений


Могут быть случаи, в которых одна часть предложения относится к настоящему или будущему, а другая часть относится к прошлому. Такие конструкции называют смешанным типом условных предложений. Предложения смешанного типа как бы "склеены" из условных предложений второго и третьего типов. If you were more attentive, you would have passed the exam yesterday. Если бы ты был более внимательным, то сдал бы вчера этот экзамен. Схема предложения строится следующим образом:

CONDITIONAL CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE
If + Past Simple (II тип) would+have+Participle II (III тип)
If + Past Perfect (III тип) would+инфинитив (II тип)

Примеры:

If you were more attentive, you would have passed the exam yesterday.

If you had taken the medicine, you would feel much better now.

Exercises

Make the exercises then click the "Check" button to check your answers.

Exercise 1. Match the parts of the sentences:

a. If I had accepted that job, 1. I would be a millionaire now.
b. If I had married him, 2. I would have invited them to lunch.
c. If I were a good cook, 3. I would live happy now.
d. If I didn't love him, 4. I wouldn't have married him.

Exercise 2. Choose the correct form:

1. If you were always near I _________ in the forest.

a) wouldn’t get lost b) didn’t get lost с) wouldn’t have got lost

2. You would get a better mark today if you _______over the material yesterday.

a) had looked b) have looked с) looked

3. If you hadn't wasted your time on computer games you ________the final exam.

a) wouldn’t have failed b) wouldn’t fail c) have failed

4. If I knew her well I ___________ her invitation.

a) have accepted b) had accepted c) would have accepted

Exercise 3. Translate the sentences:

1.Если бы я не любила его, я бы не вышла за него замуж.

2. Если бы меня пригласили, я бы пришел.

3. Если бы я хорошо готовил, я бы пригласил их на обед.

4. Если бы я знал английский, я бы нашел лучшую работу.

5. Если бы ты был более внимательным, то сдал бы вчера этот экзамен.

Exercise 4. Translate the sentences. Pay attention that here you face 2d type, 3d type and mixed conditional sentences.

1. Если бы я работал в вашем банке, я бы не опаздывал на работу.

2. Если бы я продал тогда машину, я бы каждый день ездил на метро.

3. Если бы я не купил машину, я бы сейчас ездил на метро.

4. Если бы люди не воевали, заводы не производили бы оружие.

5. Если бы мы не встретились в Праге, мы бы не поехали встречать Новый год вместе.

6. Если бы ты не сломал телефон, я бы сейчас с ним связался.

7. Мы бы не жили сейчас на даче, если бы соседи не делали ремонт в своей квартире.

Exercise 5. Translate the sentences using mixed conditional:

1. Я бы работал сейчас в Бразилии, если бы подписал контракт.

2. Где бы ты сейчас жила, если бы вышла замуж за того сумасшедшего путешественника?

3. Если бы ты купил пальто, тебе бы не было так холодно.

4. Брюс ездил бы сейчас на мотоцикле, если бы не продал его летом.

5. Мы бы хорошо знали географию, если бы чаще ходили на уроки.

6. Ей было бы очень одиноко, если бы начальник не подарил ей на день рождения хомячка.

Exercise 6. Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below following the example given with the appropriate conditional form.


1.a. She will take care of the children for us next weekend because her business trip was cancelled.

1.b. But, she (take, not) would not be taking care of the children for us next weekend if her business trip (be, not) had not been cancelled.

2.a. Tom is not going to come to dinner tomorrow because you insulted him yesterday.

2.b. But, he (come) ____________________ if you (insult) ________________him.

3.a. Marie is unhappy because she gave up her career when she got married.

3.b. But, Marie (be) _________happy if she (give, not) _____________ up her career when she got married.

4.a. Dr. Mercer decided not to accept the research grant at Harvard because he is going to take six months off to spend more time with his family.

4.b. But, Dr. Mercer (accept) ________________the research grant at Harvard if he (take, not) ___________________ six months off to spend more time with his family.

5.a. Professor Schmitz talked so much about the Maasai tribe because she is an expert on African tribal groups.

5.b. But, Professor Schmitz (talk, not) _______________________ so much about the Maasai tribe if she (be, not) _____________ an expert on African tribal groups.

6.a. I am unemployed because I had a disagreement with my boss and I was fired.

6.b. But, I (be, not) _____________ unemployed if I (have, not) _____________ a disagreement with my boss and I (be, not) _____________ fired.

7.a. Nicole speaks Chinese fluently because she lived in China for ten years.

7.b. But, Nicole (speak, not) _____________ Chinese fluently if she (live, not) _____________ in China for ten years.

8.a. I will not help you study for your test because you have spent the last two weeks partying and wasting time.

8.b. But, I (help) _____________ you study for your test if you (spend, not) _____________ the last two weeks partying and wasting time.

9.a. Eleanor and Ben are not going skiing with us this year because Eleanor just had a baby.

9.b. But, Eleanor and Ben (go) _____________ skiing with us this year if Eleanor (have, not, just) _____________ a baby.

10.a. I am completely exhausted, so I will not go with you to the movies tonight.

10.b. But, if I (be, not) _____________ completely exhausted, I (go) _____________ with you to the movies tonight.

11.a. She is not worried about the conference tomorrow because she is not giving a speech.

11.b. But, she (be) _____________ about the conference tomorrow if she (give) _____________ a speech.

12.a. Frank is not going to the graduation ceremony because he broke his leg snowboarding last week.

12.b. But, Frank (go) _____________ to the graduation ceremony if he (break) _____________ his leg snowboarding last week.

13.a. They are not releasing the prisoner next month because there was so much public opposition to his parole.

13.b. But, they (release) ________________the prisoner next month if there (be) _____________ so much opposition to his parole.

14.a. The hotels filled up months in advance because the festival is going to include jazz artists from around the globe.

14.b. But, the hotels (fill) ___________________ up months in advance if the festival (include) ______________________ jazz artists from around the globe.

15.a. We are not worried about the recent string of robberies in the neighbourhood because the police have started regularly patrolling the area.

15.b. But, we (be) _________________ about the recent string of robberies in the neighbourhood if the police (start, not) _________________ regularly patrolling the area.